Between-tree crossing effect
This ranging from-forest crossing impact is consistent between species in spite of the highest interspecific difference in dispersal possible. For species, version for the good fresh fruit put one of maternal woods is minimum for the between-tree crosses, recommending a beneficial universal bad interfertility anywhere between woods going on for the separate tree supplies.
Mechanisms underlying outbreeding depression may be of a genetic or an ecological nature (Price and Waser, step step 1979; Shields, 1982). Outbreeding depression involving between-population crosses is most often ascribed to the genetic mechanism involving disruption of coadapted gene complexes (Templeton, 1986). According to this model, intrinsic coadaptation involving relatively few loci develops through restricted gene flow among populations and genetic drift within populations (Templeton, 1981; Schierup and Christiansen, 1996). Crossing disparate genomes results in outbreeding depression through the disruption of coadaptation between homologous chromosomes in the F1 generation and between coadapted portions of individual chromosomes in F2 progeny. The outbreeding depression observed in this study, which was restricted to between-forest crosses over 12- and 35-km distances, may be explained in part by disruption of intrinsic coadaptation. The observation of hybrid vigor in seedlings of Sh. cordifolia is also consistent with this model (Templeton, 1986; see below).
In contrast, the ecological mechanism for outbreeding depression involves reduced fitness of wide outcrosses due professionelle Singles Dating-Webseite to adaptation to local biotic and abiotic conditions, such that wide outcrossing yields F1 progeny with alleles maladapted to either of the parental environments (Endler, 1977). Although selection-driven divergence is typically associated with intrapopulation outbreeding depression (e.g., Waser and Price, 1989), selection-driven divergence between populations seems a plausible contributor to the reduced interfertility between populations observed in this study.